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Widespread Winners and Narrow-Ranged Losers

December 4, 2018

Widespread Winners and Narrow-Ranged Losers

Tim Newbold, Andy Purvis and colleagues show that narrow-ranged species decline while widespread species increase in human-disturbed land uses; all else being equal, this will lead to more homogeneous ecological communities in disturbed land uses, with potential implications for conservation and ecosystem functioning.

Image credit: Flickr users Jocelyn & Brian Gratwicke

Celebrate our 15th Anniversary! Tweet @PLOSBiology #PLOSBIO15

PLOS Biology's XV Collection

12/03/2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Modelling the Auditory Cortex

Sam Norman-Haignere and Josh McDermott use synthetic sounds engineered to produce the same response as natural sounds in a computational model of auditory cortex; these provide evidence of hierarchical computation.

Image credit: Flickr user Larry Ziffle

Modelling the Auditory Cortex

Recently Published Articles

Current Issue

Current Issue November 2018

12/04/2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ethnicity and Gut Microbiota

Andrew  Brooks, Sambhawa Priya, Ran Blekhman and Seth Bordenstein show that the abundance and taxonomic composition of members of the gut microbiome are consistently different between ethnicities in American adults; these differences are reproducible across study populations, and could result from sociocultural, dietary and genetic factors, potentially mediating health disparities. 

Image credit: pbio.2006842

Ethnicity and Gut Microbiota

12/05/2018

Primer

A Fruit Fly's Gut Feeling

This Primer by Arno Müller discusses recent research showing that the midgut epithelium of the adult fruit fly differs dramatically from the canonical modes of epithelial cell polarity in main features of its cytoarchitecture and its molecular control mechanisms. Read the related Research Article.

Image credit: pbio.3000082

A Fruit Fly's Gut Feeling

12/05/2018

Primer

Plant Epithelia: Mortar in the Wall

What is the function of the Casparian strip, a plant structure first described in 1865? This Primer by Michael Palmgren explores the implications of a new study which reports that loss of the Casparian strip in root endodermis affects the ability of the plant to take up ammonium and allocate it to the shoots. Read the related Research Article.

Plant Epithelia: Mortar in the Wall

Image credit: Robert Caspary

11/26/2018

Research Article

Making Legs... or Wings?

A comparison of Hox gene regulation during the development of limbs in birds and mammals, by Nayuta Yakushiji-Kaminatsui, Denis Duboule and colleagues, reveals that the bimodal regulatory system based on large chromatin domains is largely conserved, but there are some differences in the way this is implemented in these morphologically distinct structures.

Making Legs... or Wings?

Image credit: pbio.3000004

11/29/2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

How Viral dsRNA Gets under the (r)ADAR

Christian Pfaller, Roberto Cattaneo and colleagues show that adenosine-to-inosine editing of dsRNA structures by ADAR1 prevents innate immunity activation by destabilising the duplexes; this mechanism favours infection, except when inaccurate viral replication generates large amounts of duplex RNA.

How Viral dsRNA Gets under the (r)ADAR

Image credit: Christian Pfaller

11/27/2018

METHODS AND RESOURCES

New Players in the Golgi

Comprehensive genome-wide CRISPR screens for resistance to Shiga toxins and Ricin reveal novel Golgi proteins critical for glycolipid synthesis and regulation of glycosylation levels. 

New Players in the Golgi

Image credit: pbio.2006951

11/27/2018

Primer

Long-Distance Communication: Viral Looping

This Primer explores a new study that connects viral DNA-looping and transcription of human papillomavirus oncogenes at different stages of the viral life cycle. Read the related Research Article.

Long-Distance Communication: Viral Looping

Image credit: pbio.2005752 & RCSB PDB

11/26/2018

Community Page

The NIH BRAIN Initiative

This Community Page article describes how the National Institutes of Health BRAIN Initiative offers an unprecedented opportunity for the development and application of new technologies to enable researchers to produce dynamic pictures of the brain.

The NIH BRAIN Initiative

Image credit: pbio.1002209

11/20/2018

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Birds-of-Paradise: Song, Dance and Outfit as a Package

New approaches to measuring the complexity of acoustic, behavioural, and colour ornaments reveal correlated evolution of signals in birds-of-paradise, suggesting functional integration of ornamental traits into a composite unit.

Birds-of-Paradise: Song, Dance and Outfit as a Package

Image credit: Tim Laman

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