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Table of Contents

April 2024


Approximately 1.2 million people in the UK experience severe–to–profound hearing loss, for which cochlear implants are an effective treatment. However, only a small proportion of potentially eligible individuals receive cochlear implantation in the UK. In this issue, Chloe Swords and colleagues explore how referral patterns for cochlear implantation vary across the UK according to ethnicity and socioeconomic measures, in a multi-centre study including over 6000 participants.

Image Credit: Brett Sayles, Pexels

Research Articles

Cardiovascular outcomes 50 years after antenatal exposure to betamethasone: Follow-up of a randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Anthony G. B. Walters, Greg D. Gamble, Caroline A. Crowther, Stuart R. Dalziel, Carl L. Eagleton, Christopher J. D. McKinlay, Barry J. Milne, Jane E. Harding

Positive affect during adolescence and health and well-being in adulthood: An outcome-wide longitudinal approach

Eric S. Kim, Renae Wilkinson, Sakurako S. Okuzono, Ying Chen, Koichiro Shiba, Richard G. Cowden, Tyler J. VanderWeele

Long-term outcomes of hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 with and without neurological involvement: 3-year follow-up assessment

Anna Eligulashvili, Moshe Gordon, Jimmy S. Lee, Jeylin Lee, Shiv Mehrotra-Varma, Jai Mehrotra-Varma, Kevin Hsu, Imanyah Hilliard, Kristen Lee, Arleen Li, Muhammed Amir Essibayi, Judy Yee, David J. Altschul, Emad Eskandar, Mark F. Mehler, Tim Q. Duong

Socioeconomic and ethnic disparities associated with access to cochlear implantation for severe-to-profound hearing loss: A multicentre observational study of UK adults

Chloe Swords, Reshma Ghedia, Hannah Blanchford, James Arwyn–Jones, Elliot Heward, Kristijonas Milinis, John Hardman, Matthew E. Smith, Manohar Bance, Jameel Muzaffar, on behalf of INTEGRATE

Long-term variations of urban–Rural disparities in infectious disease burden of over 8.44 million children, adolescents, and youth in China from 2013 to 2021: An observational study

Li Chen, Yi Xing, Yi Zhang, Junqing Xie, Binbin Su, Jianuo Jiang, Mengjie Geng, Xiang Ren, Tongjun Guo, Wen Yuan, Qi Ma, Manman Chen, Mengjie Cui, Jieyu Liu, Yi Song, Liping Wang, Yanhui Dong, Jun Ma

A novel electronic health record-based, machine-learning model to predict severe hypoglycemia leading to hospitalizations in older adults with diabetes: A territory-wide cohort and modeling study

Mai Shi, Aimin Yang, Eric S. H. Lau, Andrea O. Y. Luk, Ronald C. W. Ma, Alice P. S. Kong, Raymond S. M. Wong, Jones C. M. Chan, Juliana C. N. Chan, Elaine Chow

Potential impact of annual vaccination with reformulated COVID-19 vaccines: Lessons from the US COVID-19 scenario modeling hub

Sung-mok Jung, Sara L. Loo, Emily Howerton, Lucie Contamin, Claire P. Smith, Erica C. Carcelén, Katie Yan, Samantha J. Bents, John Levander, Jessi Espino, Joseph C. Lemaitre, Koji Sato, Clifton D. McKee, Alison L. Hill, Matteo Chinazzi, Jessica T. Davis, Kunpeng Mu, Alessandro Vespignani, Erik T. Rosenstrom, Sebastian A. Rodriguez-Cartes, Julie S. Ivy, Maria E. Mayorga, Julie L. Swann, Guido España, Sean Cavany, Sean M. Moore, T. Alex Perkins, Shi Chen, Rajib Paul, Daniel Janies, Jean-Claude Thill, Ajitesh Srivastava, Majd Al Aawar, Kaiming Bi, Shraddha Ramdas Bandekar, Anass Bouchnita, Spencer J. Fox, Lauren Ancel Meyers, Przemyslaw Porebski, Srini Venkatramanan, Aniruddha Adiga, Benjamin Hurt, Brian Klahn, Joseph Outten, Jiangzhuo Chen, Henning Mortveit, Amanda Wilson, Stefan Hoops, Parantapa Bhattacharya, Dustin Machi, Anil Vullikanti, Bryan Lewis, Madhav Marathe, Harry Hochheiser, Michael C. Runge, Katriona Shea, Shaun Truelove, Cécile Viboud, Justin Lessler

Association between particulate air pollution and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: A retrospective cohort study

Yi Sun, Rashmi Bhuyan, Anqi Jiao, Chantal C. Avila, Vicki Y. Chiu, Jeff M. Slezak, David A. Sacks, John Molitor, Tarik Benmarhnia, Jiu-Chiuan Chen, Darios Getahun, Jun Wu