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Table of Contents: January 2019

Worldwide, some 25 million people are estimated to be victims of human trafficking, including migrant workers who are subject to different forms of serious exploitation and abuse. In an Editorial, Ligia Kiss and Cathy Zimmerman discuss the need for researchers to move beyond documentation of the nature of trafficking phenomena and the contexts in which they occur, and aim to understand the different settings and relevant causal factors. Appropriate research methods can then be evaluated and used to investigate approaches aimed at the prevention of human trafficking and mitigation of its damaging and prolonged effects on the people and families involved.

Image Credit: Free-Photos, Pixabay

Essay

Rapid antiretroviral therapy initiation in low- and middle-income countries: A resource-based approach

Mark W. Tenforde, A. Sarah Walker, Diana M. Gibb, Yukari C. Manabe

Collection Review

Progress in the HIV epidemic: Identifying goals and measuring success

Jeb Jones, Patrick S. Sullivan, James W. Curran

Research Articles

HIV self-testing alone or with additional interventions, including financial incentives, and linkage to care or prevention among male partners of antenatal care clinic attendees in Malawi: An adaptive multi-arm, multi-stage cluster randomised trial

Augustine T. Choko, Elizabeth L. Corbett, Nigel Stallard, Hendramoorthy Maheswaran, Aurelia Lepine, Cheryl C. Johnson, Doreen Sakala, Thokozani Kalua, Moses Kumwenda, Richard Hayes, Katherine Fielding

The influence of obesity-related factors in the etiology of renal cell carcinoma—A mendelian randomization study

Mattias Johansson, Robert Carreras-Torres, Ghislaine Scelo, Mark P. Purdue, Daniela Mariosa, David C. Muller, Nicolas J. Timpson, Philip C. Haycock, Kevin M. Brown, Zhaoming Wang, Yuanqing Ye, Jonathan N. Hofmann, Matthieu Foll, Valerie Gaborieau, Mitchell J. Machiela, Leandro M. Colli, Peng Li, Jean-Guillaume Garnier, Helene Blanche, Anne Boland, Laurie Burdette, Egor Prokhortchouk, Konstantin G. Skryabin, Meredith Yeager, Sanja Radojevic-Skodric, Simona Ognjanovic, Lenka Foretova, Ivana Holcatova, Vladimir Janout, Dana Mates, Anush Mukeriya, Stefan Rascu, David Zaridze, Vladimir Bencko, Cezary Cybulski, Eleonora Fabianova, Viorel Jinga, Jolanta Lissowska, Jan Lubinski, Marie Navratilova, Peter Rudnai, Simone Benhamou, Geraldine Cancel-Tassin, Olivier Cussenot, Elisabete Weiderpass, Börje Ljungberg, Raviprakash Tumkur Sitaram, Christel Häggström, Fiona Bruinsma, Susan J. Jordan, Gianluca Severi, Ingrid Winship, Kristian Hveem, Lars J. Vatten, Tony Fletcher, Susanna C. Larsson, Alicja Wolk, Rosamonde E. Banks, Peter J. Selby, Douglas F. Easton, Gabriella Andreotti, Laura E. Beane Freeman, Stella Koutros, Satu Männistö, Stephanie Weinstein, Peter E. Clark, Todd L. Edwards, Loren Lipworth, Susan M. Gapstur, Victoria L. Stevens, Hallie Carol, Matthew L. Freedman, Mark M. Pomerantz, Eunyoung Cho, Kathryn M. Wilson, J. Michael Gaziano, Howard D. Sesso, Neal D. Freedman, Alexander S. Parker, Jeanette E. Eckel-Passow, Wen-Yi Huang, Richard J. Kahnoski, Brian R. Lane, Sabrina L. Noyes, David Petillo, Bin Tean Teh, Ulrike Peters, Emily White, Garnet L. Anderson, Lisa Johnson, Juhua Luo, Julie Buring, I-Min Lee, Wong-Ho Chow, Lee E. Moore, Timothy Eisen, Marc Henrion, James Larkin, Poulami Barman, Bradley C. Leibovich, Toni K. Choueiri, G. Mark Lathrop, Jean-Francois Deleuze, Marc Gunter, James D. McKay, Xifeng Wu, Richard S. Houlston, Stephen J. Chanock, Caroline Relton, J. Brent Richards, Richard M. Martin, George Davey Smith, Paul Brennan

Health system costs for individual and comorbid noncommunicable diseases: An analysis of publicly funded health events from New Zealand

Tony Blakely, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, June Atkinson, Joseph Dieleman, Philip Clarke

Airway obstruction and bronchial reactivity from age 1 month until 13 years in children with asthma: A prospective birth cohort study

Henrik Wegener Hallas, Bo Lund Chawes, Morten Arendt Rasmussen, Lambang Arianto, Jakob Stokholm, Klaus Bønnelykke, Hans Bisgaard

Association between severe drought and HIV prevention and care behaviors in Lesotho: A population-based survey 2016–2017

Andrea J. Low, Koen Frederix, Stephen McCracken, Salome Manyau, Elizabeth Gummerson, Elizabeth Radin, Stefania Davia, Herbert Longwe, Nahima Ahmed, Bharat Parekh, Sally Findley, Amee Schwitters

No causal effects of serum urate levels on the risk of chronic kidney disease: A Mendelian randomization study

Daniel M. Jordan, Hyon K. Choi, Marie Verbanck, Ruth Topless, Hong-Hee Won, Girish Nadkarni, Tony R. Merriman, Ron Do

Prior dengue virus infection and risk of Zika: A pediatric cohort in Nicaragua

Aubree Gordon, Lionel Gresh, Sergio Ojeda, Leah C. Katzelnick, Nery Sanchez, Juan Carlos Mercado, Gerardo Chowell, Brenda Lopez, Douglas Elizondo, Josefina Coloma, Raquel Burger-Calderon, Guillermina Kuan, Angel Balmaseda, Eva Harris

Predicting survival from colorectal cancer histology slides using deep learning: A retrospective multicenter study

Jakob Nikolas Kather, Johannes Krisam, Pornpimol Charoentong, Tom Luedde, Esther Herpel, Cleo-Aron Weis, Timo Gaiser, Alexander Marx, Nektarios A. Valous, Dyke Ferber, Lina Jansen, Constantino Carlos Reyes-Aldasoro, Inka Zörnig, Dirk Jäger, Hermann Brenner, Jenny Chang-Claude, Michael Hoffmeister, Niels Halama

Evaluating strategies for control of tuberculosis in prisons and prevention of spillover into communities: An observational and modeling study from Brazil

Tarub S. Mabud, Maria de Lourdes Delgado Alves, Albert I. Ko, Sanjay Basu, Katharine S. Walter, Ted Cohen, Barun Mathema, Caroline Colijn, Everton Lemos, Julio Croda, Jason R. Andrews

Association between temperature variability and daily hospital admissions for cause-specific cardiovascular disease in urban China: A national time-series study

Yaohua Tian, Hui Liu, Yaqin Si, Yaying Cao, Jing Song, Man Li, Yao Wu, Xiaowen Wang, Xiao Xiang, Juan Juan, Libo Chen, Chen Wei, Pei Gao, Yonghua Hu

Hospital admission on weekends for patients who have surgery and 30-day mortality in Ontario, Canada: A matched cohort study

James D. O’Leary, Hannah Wunsch, Anne-Marie Leo, David Levin, Asad Siddiqui, Mark W. Crawford

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