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Table of Contents

April 2022

Photomicrograph of a Trichuris egg from an archaeological deposit. Studying the epidemiology of helminth parasites during different historic periods helps us to understand factors that affect the changing relationship between humans and infectious disease. Ryan, Flammer, et al. (2022)

Image Credit: Patrik Flammer, Hannah Ryan and Adrian Smith (University of Oxford)

Review

Finding a chink in the armor: Update, limitations, and challenges toward successful antivirals against flaviviruses

Thamil Vaani Komarasamy, Nur Amelia Azreen Adnan, William James, Vinod RMT Balasubramaniam

Research Articles

Larval source reduction with a purpose: Designing and evaluating a household- and school-based intervention in coastal Kenya

Jenna E. Forsyth, Arielle Kempinsky, Helen O. Pitchik, Catharina J. Alberts, Francis M. Mutuku, Lydiah Kibe, Nicole M. Ardoin, A. Desiree LaBeaud

A retrospective study on the socio-demographic factors and clinical parameters of dengue disease and their effects on the clinical course and recovery of the patients in a tertiary care hospital of Bangladesh

Kazi Milenur Rahman Prattay, Md. Raihan Sarkar, Abu Zar Md. Shafiullah, Md. Saiful Islam, Sheikh Zahir Raihan, Nahid Sharmin

Diagnostic method-based underestimation of leptospirosis in clinical and research settings; an experience from a large prospective study in a high endemic setting

Janith Warnasekara, Shalka Srimantha, Chamila Kappagoda, Dinesha Jayasundara, Indika Senevirathna, Michael Matthias, Suneth Agampodi, Joseph M. Vinetz

“Using the same hand”: The complex local perceptions of integrated one health based interventions in East Africa

Alicia Davis, Jennika Virhia, Catherine Bunga, Shayo Alkara, Sarah Cleaveland, Jonathan Yoder, Safari Kinung’hi, Felix Lankester

Assessment of environmental contamination with soil-transmitted helminths life stages at school compounds, households and open markets in Jimma Town, Ethiopia

Bamlaku Tadege, Zeleke Mekonnen, Daniel Dana, Bizuwarek Sharew, Eden Dereje, Eskindir Loha, Jaco J. Verweij, Stijn Casaert, Johnny Vlaminck, Mio Ayana, Bruno Levecke

Smartphone multiplex microcapillary diagnostics using Cygnus: Development and evaluation of rapid serotype-specific NS1 detection with dengue patient samples

Sarah Helen Needs, Sirintra Sirivisoot, Sophie Jegouic, Tanapan Prommool, Prasit Luangaram, Chatchawan Srisawat, Kanokwan Sriraksa, Wannee Limpitikul, Dumrong Mairiang, Prida Malasit, Panisadee Avirutnan, Chunya Puttikhunt, Alexander Daniel Edwards

Incidence of lab-confirmed dengue fever in a pediatric cohort in Delhi, India

Bireshwar Sinha, Nidhi Goyal, Mohan Kumar, Aashish Choudhary, Alok Arya, Anitha Revi, Ankita Dutta, Deepak More, Temsunaro Rongsen-Chandola

Community-level trachoma ecological associations and the use of geospatial analysis methods: A systematic review

Clara R. Burgert-Brucker, Molly W. Adams, Pia Mingkwan, Rebecca Flueckiger, Jeremiah M. Ngondi, Anthony W. Solomon, Emma M. Harding-Esch

Extensive public health initiatives drive the elimination of Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae) from a town in regional Queensland: A case study from Gin Gin, Australia

Brendan J. Trewin, Brian L. Montgomery, Tim P. Hurst, Jason S. Gilmore, Nancy M. Endersby-Harshman, Greg J. Crisp

Comparison of PvLAP5 and Pvs25 qRT-PCR assays for the detection of Plasmodium vivax gametocytes in field samples preserved at ambient temperature from remote malaria endemic regions of Panama

Nicanor Obaldía, Itza Barahona, José Lasso, Mario Avila, Mario Quijada, Marlon Nuñez, Matthias Marti

Rainfall and other meteorological factors as drivers of urban transmission of leptospirosis

Marcelo Cunha, Federico Costa, Guilherme S. Ribeiro, Marilia S. Carvalho, Renato B. Reis, Nivison Nery Jr, Lauren Pischel, Edilane L. Gouveia, Andreia C. Santos, Adriano Queiroz, Elsio A. Wunder Jr., Mitermayer G. Reis, Peter J Diggle, Albert I. Ko

Prevalence and factors associated with human Taenia solium taeniosis and cysticercosis in twelve remote villages of Ranomafana rainforest, Madagascar

Anjanirina Rahantamalala, Rado Lalaina Rakotoarison, Emma Rakotomalala, Mahenintsoa Rakotondrazaka, Jaydon Kiernan, Paul M. Castle, Lee Hakami, Koeun Choi, Armand Solofoniaina Rafalimanantsoa, Aina Harimanana, Patricia Wright, Simon Grandjean Lapierre, Matthieu Schoenhals, Peter M. Small, Luis A. Marcos, Inès Vigan-Womas

Evaluating sampling strategies for enzootic Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus vectors in Florida and Panama

Kristin E. Sloyer, Mileyka Santos, Eddier Rivera, Lawrence E. Reeves, Jean Paul Carrera, Amy Y. Vittor, Anayansi Valderrama, Nathan D. Burkett-Cadena

Systematic identification and characterization of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) during Aedes albopictus development

Wenjuan Liu, Peng Cheng, Kexin Zhang, Maoqing Gong, Zhong Zhang, Ruiling Zhang

Experimental Schistosoma japonicum-induced pulmonary hypertension

Biruk Kassa, Michael H. Lee, Rahul Kumar, Claudia Mickael, Linda Sanders, Rubin M. Tuder, Margaret Mentink-Kane, Brian B. Graham

Sex-specific distribution and classification of Wolbachia infections and mitochondrial DNA haplogroups in Aedes albopictus from the Indo-Pacific

Qiong Yang, Jessica Chung, Katie L. Robinson, Thomas L. Schmidt, Perran A. Ross, Jiaxin Liang, Ary A. Hoffmann

Circulating IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha and IL-10/IL-6 and IL-10/TNF-alpha ratio profiles of polyparasitized individuals in rural and urban areas of gabon

Noé Patrick M’Bondoukwé, Reinne Moutongo, Komi Gbédandé, Jacques Mari Ndong Ngomo, Tatiana Hountohotegbé, Rafiou Adamou, Jeanne Vanessa Koumba Lengongo, Kowir Pambou Bello, Denise Patricia Mawili-Mboumba, Adrian John Frederick Luty, Marielle Karine Bouyou-Akotet

Two-year death prediction models among patients with Chagas Disease using machine learning-based methods

Ariela Mota Ferreira, Laércio Ives Santos, Ester Cerdeira Sabino, Antonio Luiz Pinho Ribeiro, Léa Campos de Oliveira-da Silva, Renata Fiúza Damasceno, Marcos Flávio Silveira Vasconcelos D’Angelo, Maria do Carmo Pereira Nunes, Desirée Sant´Ana Haikal

Mosquito survey in Mauritania: Detection of Rift Valley fever virus and dengue virus and the determination of feeding patterns

Franziska Stoek, Yahya Barry, Aliou Ba, Ansgar Schulz, Melanie Rissmann, Claudia Wylezich, Balal Sadeghi, Abdellahi Diambar Beyit, Albert Eisenbarth, Fatimetou Bounene N’diaye, Mohamed Lemine Haki, Baba Abdellahi Doumbia, Mohamed Baba Gueya, Mohamed Yahya Bah, Martin Eiden, Martin H. Groschup

“One feels anger to know there is no one to help us!”. Perceptions of mothers of children with Zika virus-associated microcephaly in Caribbean Colombia: A qualitative study

Elena Marbán-Castro, Cristina Enguita-Fernàndez, Kelly Carolina Romero-Acosta, Germán J. Arrieta, Anna Marín-Cos, Salim Mattar, Clara Menéndez, Maria Maixenchs, Azucena Bardají

A national survey integrating clinical, laboratory, and WASH data to determine the typology of trachoma in Nauru

Kathleen D. Lynch, Sue Chen Apadinuwe, Stephen B. Lambert, Tessa Hillgrove, Mitchell Starr, Beth Catlett, Robert S. Ware, Anasaini Cama, Sara Webster, Emma M. Harding-Esch, Ana Bakhtiari, Robert Butcher, Philip Cunningham, Diana Martin, Sarah Gwyn, Anthony W. Solomon, Chandalene Garabwan, John M. Kaldor, Susana Vaz Nery

Optimizing one-dose and two-dose cholera vaccine allocation in outbreak settings: A modeling study

Tiffany Leung, Julia Eaton, Laura Matrajt

Prevalence and risk factors of urogenital schistosomiasis among under-fives in Mtama District in the Lindi region of Tanzania

Vivian Mushi, Abdallah Zacharia, Magdalena Shao, Marycelina Mubi, Donath Tarimo

Aedes aegypti abundance and insecticide resistance profiles in the Applying Wolbachia to Eliminate Dengue trial

Warsito Tantowijoyo, Stephanie K. Tanamas, Indah Nurhayati, Sigit Setyawan, Nida Budiwati, Iva Fitriana, Inggrid Ernesia, Dwi Satria Wardana, Endah Supriyati, Eggi Arguni, Yeti Meitika, Equatori Prabowo, Bekti Andari, Benjamin R. Green, Lauren Hodgson, Edwige Rancès, Peter A. Ryan, Scott L. O’Neill, Katherine L. Anders, M. Ridwan Ansari, Citra Indriani, Riris Andono Ahmad, Adi Utarini, Cameron P. Simmons

Transplacental Zika virus transmission in ex vivo perfused human placentas

Thomas Langerak, Michelle Broekhuizen, Peter-Paul Alexander Unger, Lunbo Tan, Marion Koopmans, Eric van Gorp, A. H. Jan Danser, Barry Rockx

Diverse and atypical manifestations of Q fever in a metropolitan city hospital: Emerging role of next-generation sequencing for laboratory diagnosis of Coxiella burnetii

Fanfan Xing, Haiyan Ye, Chaowen Deng, Linlin Sun, Yanfei Yuan, Qianyun Lu, Jin Yang, Simon K. F. Lo, Ruiping Zhang, Jonathan H. K. Chen, Jasper F. W. Chan, Susanna K. P Lau, Patrick C. Y. Woo

Contextualizing mobility during the Ebola epidemic in Liberia

Mosoka Fallah, Stephen Lavalah, Tina Gbelia, Myers Zondo, Morris Kromah, Lucy Tantum, Gartee Nallo, Joseph Boakai, Kemoh Sheriff, Laura Skrip, S. Harris Ali

A longitudinal two-year survey of the prevalence of trypanosomes in domestic cattle in Ghana by massively parallel sequencing of barcoded amplicons

Jennifer Afua Ofori, Soale Majeed Bakari, Saikou Bah, Michael Kojo Kolugu, George Kwame Aning, Gordon Akanzuwine Awandare, Mark Carrington, Theresa Manful Gwira

Reconstructing the history of helminth prevalence in the UK

Hannah Ryan, Patrik G Flammer, Rebecca Nicholson, Louise Loe, Ben Reeves, Enid Allison, Christopher Guy, Inés Lopez Doriga, Tony Waldron, Don Walker, Claas Kirchhelle, Greger Larson, Adrian L Smith

Black flies and Onchocerciasis: Knowledge, attitude and practices among inhabitants of Alabameta, Osun State, Southwestern, Nigeria

Lateef O. Busari, Monsuru Adebayo Adeleke, Olabanji A. Surakat, Akeem A. Akindele, Kamilu Ayo Fasasi, Olusola Ojurongbe

Pathological and immunological evaluation of different regimens of praziquantel treatment in a mouse model of Schistosoma mansoni infection

Ulrich Membe Femoe, Hermine Boukeng Jatsa, Valentin Greigert, Julie Brunet, Catherine Cannet, Mérimé Christian Kenfack, Nestor Gipwe Feussom, Joseph Bertin Kadji Fassi, Emilenne Tienga Nkondo, Ahmed Abou-Bacar, Alexander Wilhelm Pfaff, Théophile Dimo, Pierre Kamtchouing, Louis-Albert Tchuem Tchuenté

Conserved metabolic enzymes as vaccine antigens for giardiasis

Sozaburo Ihara, Yukiko Miyamoto, Christine H. Y. Le, Vivien N. Tran, Elaine M. Hanson, Marvin Fischer, Kurt Hanevik, Lars Eckmann

Delayed correlation between the incidence rate of indigenous murine typhus in humans and the seropositive rate of Rickettsia typhi infection in small mammals in Taiwan from 2007–2019

Pai-Shan Chiang, Shin-Wei Su, Su-Lin Yang, Pei-Yun Shu, Wang-Ping Lee, Shu-Ying Li, Hwa-Jen Teng

Identification of asymptomatic Entamoeba histolytica infection by a serological screening test: A cross-sectional study of an HIV-negative men who have sex with men cohort in Japan

Yasuaki Yanagawa, Rieko Shimogawara, Misao Takano, Takahiro Aoki, Daisuke Mizushima, Hiroyuki Gatanaga, Yoshimi Kikuchi, Shinichi Oka, Kenji Yagita, Koji Watanabe

Anti-Th17 and anti-Th2 responses effects of hydro-ethanolic extracts of Aframomum melegueta, Khaya senegalensis and Xylopia aethiopica in hyperreactive onchocerciasis individuals’ peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Gnatoulma Katawa, Essoham Ataba, Manuel Ritter, Oukoe Marthe Amessoudji, Essimanam Rosalie Awesso, Pélagie Edlom Tchadié, Fagdéba David Bara, Fekandine Victoire Douti, Kathrin Arndts, Tchadjobo Tchacondo, Komlan Batawila, Yaovi Ameyapoh, Achim Hoerauf, Simplice D. Karou, Laura E. Layland

Berbamine hydrochloride potently inhibits SARS-CoV-2 infection by blocking S protein-mediated membrane fusion

Zhe-Rui Zhang, Ya-Nan Zhang, Hong-Qing Zhang, Qiu-Yan Zhang, Na Li, Qi Li, Cheng-Lin Deng, Bo Zhang, Xiao-Dan Li, Han-Qing Ye

Infection intensity-dependent accuracy of reagent strip for the diagnosis of Schistosoma haematobium and estimation of treatment prevalence thresholds

Carla M. Grolimund, Oliver Bärenbold, Christoph F. Hatz, Birgitte J. Vennervald, Charles Mayombana, Hassan Mshinda, Jürg Utzinger, Penelope Vounatsou

Pilot trial using mass field-releases of sterile males produced with the incompatible and sterile insect techniques as part of integrated Aedes aegypti control in Mexico

Abdiel Martín-Park, Azael Che-Mendoza, Yamili Contreras-Perera, Silvia Pérez-Carrillo, Henry Puerta-Guardo, Josué Villegas-Chim, Guillermo Guillermo-May, Anuar Medina-Barreiro, Hugo Delfín-González, Rosa Méndez-Vales, Santos Vázquez-Narvaez, Jorge Palacio-Vargas, Fabián Correa-Morales, Guadalupe Ayora-Talavera, Norma Pavía-Ruz, Xiao Liang, Ping Fu, Dongjing Zhang, Xiaohua Wang, María Eugenia Toledo-Romaní, Zhiyong Xi, Gonzalo Vázquez-Prokopec, Pablo Manrique-Saide

Effect of a single dose of 8 mg moxidectin or 150 μg/kg ivermectin on O. volvulus skin microfilariae in a randomized trial: Differences between areas in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia and Ghana and impact of intensity of infection

Didier Bakajika, Eric M. Kanza, Nicholas O. Opoku, Hayford M. Howard, Germain L. Mambandu, Amos Nyathirombo, Maurice M. Nigo, Kambale Kasonia Kennedy, Safari L. Masembe, Mupenzi Mumbere, Kambale Kataliko, Kpehe M. Bolay, Simon K. Attah, George Olipoh, Sampson Asare, Michel Vaillant, Christine M. Halleux, Annette C. Kuesel

Prevalence of Strongyloides stercoralis infection and associated clinical symptoms among schoolchildren living in different altitudes of Amhara National Regional State, northwest Ethiopia

Tadesse Hailu Jember, Arancha Amor, Endalkachew Nibret, Abaineh Munshea, Maria Flores-Chavez, Thuy-Huong Ta-Tang, Jose M Saugar, Agustín Benito, Melaku Anegagrie

Clinical characteristics and risk factors for severe scrub typhus in pediatric and elderly patients

Xiu-Gang Guan, Yue-Hong Wei, Bao-Gui Jiang, Shi-Xia Zhou, An-Ran Zhang, Qing-Bin Lu, Zi-Wei Zhou, Jin-Jin Chen, Hai-Yang Zhang, Yang Ji, Yang Yang, Li-Qun Fang, Hao Li, Zhi-Cong Yang, Wei Liu

Fifty years of struggle to control cutaneous leishmaniasis in the highest endemic county in Iran: A longitudinal observation inferred with interrupted time series model

Mohammadreza Aflatoonian, Iraj Sharifi, Behnaz Aflatoonian, Ehsan Salarkia, Ahmad Khosravi, Razieh Tavakoli Oliaee, Mehdi Bamorovat, Abbas Aghaei Afshar, Zahra Babaei, Fatemeh Sharifi, Moslem Taheri Soodejani, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Abolhassan Nadim, Hamid Sharifi

Ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool for Neural Pain in Leprosy

Clarissa Neves Spitz, Roberto Mogami, Izabela Jardim Rodrigues Pitta, Mariana Andrea Vilas Boas Hacker, Anna Maria Sales, Euzenir Nunes Sarno, Marcia Rodrigues Jardim

Human Seroprevalence for Dengue, Ross River, and Barmah Forest viruses in Australia and the Pacific: A systematic review spanning seven decades

Eugene T. Madzokere, Wei Qian, Julie A. Webster, Daniel M. H. Walker, Elisa X. Y. Lim, David Harley, Lara J. Herrero

Molecular epidemiology of scrub typhus in Taiwan during 2006–2016

Hsiang-Fei Chen, Shih-Huan Peng, Kun-Hsien Tsai, Cheng-Fen Yang, Mei-Chun Chang, Yeou-Lin Hsueh, Chien-Ling Su, Ruo-Yu Wang, Pei-Yun Shu, Su-Lin Yang

Exposure to multiple pathogens - serological evidence for Rift Valley fever virus, Coxiella burnetii, Bluetongue virus and Brucella spp. in cattle, sheep and goat in Mali

Michel Mainack Dione, Amadou Séry, Cheick Abou Kounta Sidibé, Barbara Wieland, Abdou Fall

Formal Comment

A critical appraisal of the ENLIST severity scale for erythema nodosum leprosum

Bhushan Kumar, Hitaishi Mehta, Tarun Narang, Sunil Dogra