Content License

The following policy applies to all of PLOS journals, unless otherwise noted.

PLOS applies the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license to works we publish. This license was developed to facilitate open access – namely, free immediate access to, and unrestricted reuse of, original works of all types.

Under this license, authors agree to make articles legally available for reuse, without permission or fees, for virtually any purpose. Anyone may copy, distribute or reuse these articles, as long as the author and original source are properly cited.

Using PLOS Content

No permission is required from the authors or the publishers to reuse or repurpose PLOS content provided the original article is cited. In most cases, appropriate attribution can be provided by simply citing the original article.

Example citation:

Kaltenbach LS et al. (2007) Huntingtin Interacting Proteins Are Genetic Modifiers of Neurodegeneration.  PLOS Genet 3(5): e82. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.0030082.

If the item you plan to reuse is not part of a published article (e.g., a featured issue image), then indicate the originator of the work, and the volume, issue, and date of the journal in which the item appeared.

For any reuse or redistribution of a work, you must also make clear the license terms under which the work was published.

Figures, Tables, and Images

Figures, tables, and images are published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.


If any relevant accompanying data is submitted to repositories with stated licensing policies, the policies should not be more restrictive than CC BY.

Submitting Copyrighted or Proprietary Content

Do not submit any figures, photos, tables, or other works that have been previously copyrighted or that contain proprietary data unless you have and can supply written permission from the copyright holder to use that content. This includes:

  • maps and satellite images

  • slogans and logos

  • social media content.