Advertisement
Phylogenomics of an Adaptive Radiation

February 12, 2016

Phylogenomics of an Adaptive Radiation

Wild tomatoes contain immense natural trait diversity; this study by James Pease, David Haak, Matthew Hahn amd Leonie Moyle describes the evolutionary processes that have generated this diversity over only a few million years, drawing from multiple sources of genetic variation

Image credit: David Haak

Meta-Research: Read about PLOS Biology's new initiative on Biologue

Biologue

02/11/2016

research article

Hedgehog, PI(4)P and Activation of Smoothened

Kai Jiang, Yajuan Liu, Junkai Fan, Jianhang Jia and colleagues show that the signaling molecule Hedgehog promotes the production and release of the specific phospholipid PI(4)P, which directly interacts with Smoothened, activating it via phosphorylation and accumulation in the cilia.

Image credit: Jianhang Jia

Hedgehog, PI(4)P and Activation of Smoothened

Recently Published Articles

Current Issue

Current Issue January 2016

02/12/2016

Primer

Networking in the Plant Microbiome

This Primer by Marcel van der Heijden and Martin Hartmann assesses recent evidence that the microbiome of plants contains microbial networks and keystone species that influence plant health and ecosystem functioning. Read the accompanying Research Article.

Image credit: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002378.g002

Networking in the Plant Microbiome

02/03/2016

essay

Costs of Exploitation: A Matter of Timing?

Jessica Barker and Judith Bronstein propose that considering the timing of exploitation relative to cooperation can provide insight into two debated features of mutualism: the costs of being exploited and the resulting mechanisms to control exploitation.

Image credit: R. Tropek, 10.1371/journal.pone.0059299.g001

Costs of Exploitation: A Matter of Timing?

02/04/2016

Community page

Could You Present Your Thesis to a 12-year-old?

Greg Clark, Josh Russell, Stanley Roux and colleagues present the education outreach programs “Present Your PhD Thesis to a 12-Year-Old” and “Shadow a Scientist,” which provide opportunities for scientists to improve science communication skills and for students to learn about research.

Could You Present Your Thesis to a 12-year-old?

Image credit: Flickr user barretelementary

01/25/2016

research article

Slow Diversification of Mesozoic Tetrapods

A large-scale examination of the fossil record by Roger Benson, Graeme Lloyd and colleagues reveals slow diversification rates in tetrapods across 190 million years, followed by an abrupt 4-fold increase in species richness after the end-Cretaceous mass extinction event.

Slow Diversification of Mesozoic Tetrapods

Image credit: Leandra Walters, 10.1371/journal.pone.0144036.g005

01/26/2016

research article and synopsis

Good Amyloid, Bad Amyloid—What’s the Difference?

Rubén Hervás, Liying Li, Kausik Si, Mariano Carrión-Vázquez and co-authors show that in the case of the functional amyloid Orb2, needed for memory consolidation in flies, key features of the kinetics of amyloid formation may underlie the crucial difference between functionality and disease. Read the Synopsis.

Good Amyloid, Bad Amyloid—What’s the Difference?

Image credit: Mark Miller

01/20/2016

research article

Leaf City: Microbial Hub Taxa in the Phyllosphere

Microbial interactions between kingdoms drive significant microbiome variation on the surface of plants, with some microbes amplifying abiotic and host factors to perturb the community structure.

Leaf City: Microbial Hub Taxa in the Phyllosphere

Image credit: Jonas Ruhe

01/19/2016

research article and Synopsis

Good News from Animal Selfies?

Pan-tropical camera trap data suggest that tropical forest protected areas maintain their biodiversity of ground-dwelling mammals and birds. Read the Synopsis and Biologue post.

Good News from Animal Selfies?

Image credit: Flickr user tiger_feet

01/25/2016

plos biologue

Slice of PLOS: The Beauty of Butterflies

In this overview of nine recent open access papers, Roli Roberts discusses our growing understanding of how and why butterfly wings develop their strikingly beautiful and varied patterns.

Slice of PLOS: The Beauty of Butterflies

Image credit: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002353.g001