About the Authors

Bertha Nhlema Simwaka

bertha@africa-online.net

Affiliation Research for Equity and Community Health Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi

Sally Theobald

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Annie Willets

Affiliation Wellsense International Public Health Consultants, Kilifi, Kenya

Felix M. L. Salaniponi

Affiliation Malawi National TB Control Programme, Lilongwe, Malawi

Patnice Nkhonjera

Affiliation Research for Equity and Community Health Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi

George Bello

Affiliation Research for Equity and Community Health Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi

Stephen Bertel Squire

Affiliation Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BNS ST AW FS SBS. Performed the experiments: BNS AW PN SBS. Analyzed the data: BNS ST PN AW GB SBS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BNS ST PN AW GB FS SBS. Wrote the paper: BNS AW PN FS GB SBS.