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Table of Contents

December 2016

Respiratory epithelial A549 cells inoculated with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) for 24 hours are stained for RSV F protein (green) and cellular F-actin (red); nuclei have been counterstained with DAPI (blue). This image shows the cell on the left is infected and has extensive RSV-induced filopodia that contact the uninfected cell on the right. Filamentous RSV particles can be seen on the infected cell surface and at filopodia tips. Mehedi et al.

Image Credit: Sundar Ganesan, Margery Smelkinson, and Juraj Kabat, Biological Imaging Section, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Masfique Mehedi, Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, NIAID, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Pearls

Protein ADP-Ribosylation Takes Control in Plant–Bacterium Interactions

Baomin Feng, Chenglong Liu, Libo Shan, Ping He

Molecular Parasitic Plant–Host Interactions

Simon B. Saucet, Ken Shirasu

Aspartyl Proteinases of Eukaryotic Microbial Pathogens: From Eating to Heating

Antonio Cassone, Anna Vecchiarelli, Bernhard Hube

The Impact of the Gut Microbiota on Humoral Immunity to Pathogens and Vaccination in Early Infancy

Quang N. Nguyen, Jonathon E. Himes, David R. Martinez, Sallie R. Permar

Reviews

Interaction between Salmonella and Schistosomiasis: A Review

Amber Hsiao, Trevor Toy, Hye Jin Seo, Florian Marks

IL-1β/IL-6/CRP and IL-18/ferritin: Distinct Inflammatory Programs in Infections

Jeroen Slaats, Jaap ten Oever, Frank L. van de Veerdonk, Mihai G. Netea

PIWIs Go Viral: Arbovirus-Derived piRNAs in Vector Mosquitoes

Pascal Miesen, Joep Joosten, Ronald P. van Rij

Research Articles

Vaccinia Virus Protein C6 Inhibits Type I IFN Signalling in the Nucleus and Binds to the Transactivation Domain of STAT2

Jennifer H. Stuart, Rebecca P. Sumner, Yongxu Lu, Joseph S. Snowden, Geoffrey L. Smith

Pheromone Recognition and Selectivity by ComR Proteins among Streptococcus Species

Erin Shanker, Donald A. Morrison, Antoine Talagas, Sylvie Nessler, Michael J. Federle, Gerd Prehna

Structural Insights into Streptococcal Competence Regulation by the Cell-to-Cell Communication System ComRS

Antoine Talagas, Laetitia Fontaine, Laura Ledesma-Garca, Johann Mignolet, Inès Li de la Sierra-Gallay, Noureddine Lazar, Magali Aumont-Nicaise, Michael J. Federle, Gerd Prehna, Pascal Hols, Sylvie Nessler

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