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Table of Contents

October 2014

As a novel target organism of the cell-autonomous IRG resistance system, Jonathan Howard and colleagues identified the fungal parasite Encephalitozoon cuniculi, which while growing unrestricted incidentally formed here a heart-shaped vacuole with its spores (immunostained in red, DAPI blue). See Jonathan Howard and colleagues.

Image Credit: Helen Springer-Frauenhoff

Pearls

Adaptive Prediction As a Strategy in Microbial Infections

Sascha Brunke, Bernhard Hube

Chrysosporium-Related Fungi and Reptiles: A Fatal Attraction

F. Javier Cabañes, Deanna A. Sutton, Josep Guarro

Theory and Empiricism in Virulence Evolution

James J. Bull, Adam S. Lauring

Paracoccidioides Species Complex: Ecology, Phylogeny, Sexual Reproduction, and Virulence

Marcus M. Teixeira, Raquel C. Theodoro, Gustavo Nino-Vega, Eduardo Bagagli, Maria S. S. Felipe

Review

Role of Non-conventional T Lymphocytes in Respiratory Infections: The Case of the Pneumococcus

Stoyan Ivanov, Christophe Paget, François Trottein

Research Articles

Insights into Vibrio cholerae Intestinal Colonization from Monitoring Fluorescently Labeled Bacteria

Yves A. Millet, David Alvarez, Simon Ringgaard, Ulrich H. von Andrian, Brigid M. Davis, Matthew K. Waldor

Cyclophilin A Associates with Enterovirus-71 Virus Capsid and Plays an Essential Role in Viral Infection as an Uncoating Regulator

Jie Qing, Yaxin Wang, Yuna Sun, Jiaoyan Huang, Wenzhong Yan, Jinglan Wang, Dan Su, Cheng Ni, Jian Li, Zihe Rao, Lei Liu, Zhiyong Lou

HIV Acquisition Is Associated with Increased Antimicrobial Peptides and Reduced HIV Neutralizing IgA in the Foreskin Prepuce of Uncircumcised Men

Taha Hirbod, Xiangrong Kong, Godgrey Kigozi, Anthony Ndyanabo, David Serwadda, Jessica L. Prodger, Aaron A. Tobian, Fred Nalugoda, Maria J. Wawer, Kamnoosh Shahabi, Olga L. Rojas, Jennifer L. Gommerman, Kristina Broliden, Rupert Kaul, Ronald H. Gray

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Dengue Viruses Are Enhanced by Distinct Populations of Serotype Cross-Reactive Antibodies in Human Immune Sera

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Mycobacterial Antigen Driven Activation of CD14++CD16 Monocytes Is a Predictor of Tuberculosis-Associated Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome

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Neutrophil Crawling in Capillaries; A Novel Immune Response to Staphylococcus aureus

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Agrobacterium Uses a Unique Ligand-Binding Mode for Trapping Opines and Acquiring A Competitive Advantage in the Niche Construction on Plant Host

Julien Lang, Armelle Vigouroux, Sara Planamente, Abbas El Sahili, Pauline Blin, Magali Aumont-Nicaise, Yves Dessaux, Solange Moréra, Denis Faure

Leishmania donovani Infection Causes Distinct Epigenetic DNA Methylation Changes in Host Macrophages

Alexandra K. Marr, Julia L. MacIsaac, Ruiwei Jiang, Adriana M. Airo, Michael S. Kobor, W. Robert McMaster

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Nadja Spindler, Uschi Diestel, Joachim D. Stump, Anna-Katharina Wiegers, Thomas H. Winkler, Heinrich Sticht, Michael Mach, Yves A. Muller

Vaginal Challenge with an SIV-Based Dual Reporter System Reveals That Infection Can Occur throughout the Upper and Lower Female Reproductive Tract

Daniel J. Stieh, Danijela Maric, Z. L. Kelley, Meegan R. Anderson, Holly Z. Hattaway, Beth A. Beilfuss, Katharina B. Rothwangl, Ronald S. Veazey, Thomas J. Hope

mRNA Structural Constraints on EBNA1 Synthesis Impact on In Vivo Antigen Presentation and Early Priming of CD8+ T Cells

Judy T. Tellam, Jie Zhong, Lea Lekieffre, Purnima Bhat, Michelle Martinez, Nathan P. Croft, Warren Kaplan, Ross L. Tellam, Rajiv Khanna

Antimicrobials, Stress and Mutagenesis

Alexandro Rodríguez-Rojas, Olga Makarova, Jens Rolff

A Novel Alpha Kinase EhAK1 Phosphorylates Actin and Regulates Phagocytosis in Entamoeba histolytica

M. Shahid Mansuri, Sudha Bhattacharya, Alok Bhattacharya

The pH-Responsive PacC Transcription Factor of Aspergillus fumigatus Governs Epithelial Entry and Tissue Invasion during Pulmonary Aspergillosis

Margherita Bertuzzi, Markus Schrettl, Laura Alcazar-Fuoli, Timothy C. Cairns, Alberto Muñoz, Louise A. Walker, Susanne Herbst, Maryam Safari, Angela M. Cheverton, Dan Chen, Hong Liu, Shinobu Saijo, Natalie D. Fedorova, Darius Armstrong-James, Carol A. Munro, Nick D. Read, Scott G. Filler, Eduardo A. Espeso, William C. Nierman, Hubertus Haas, Elaine M. Bignell

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Corrections