Table of Contents

August 2008

Movements of one naturally infected duck were monitored in Nigeria by satellite telemetry (or using a satellite tracking system), providing rare evidence of a non-lethal natural infection by an avian influenza virus with a highly pathogenic viral genotype in wild birds (see Gaidet et al., doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000127).

Image Credit: Photograph courtesy of Pierre Poilecot, CIRAD.

Research Articles

Commensal-Induced Regulatory T Cells Mediate Protection against Pathogen-Stimulated NF-κB Activation

Caitlin O'Mahony, Paul Scully, David O'Mahony, Sharon Murphy, Frances O'Brien, Anne Lyons, Graham Sherlock, John MacSharry, Barry Kiely, Fergus Shanahan, Liam O'Mahony

H5N1 and 1918 Pandemic Influenza Virus Infection Results in Early and Excessive Infiltration of Macrophages and Neutrophils in the Lungs of Mice

Lucy A. Perrone, Julie K. Plowden, Adolfo García-Sastre, Jacqueline M. Katz, Terrence M. Tumpey

Histidine-Rich Glycoprotein Protects from Systemic Candida Infection

Victoria Rydengård, Oonagh Shannon, Katarina Lundqvist, Lukasz Kacprzyk, Anna Chalupka, Anna-Karin Olsson, Matthias Mörgelin, Willi Jahnen-Dechent, Martin Malmsten, Artur Schmidtchen

An Erythrocyte Vesicle Protein Exported by the Malaria Parasite Promotes Tubovesicular Lipid Import from the Host Cell Surface

Pamela A. Tamez, Souvik Bhattacharjee, Christiaan van Ooij, N. Luisa Hiller, Manuel Llinás, Bharath Balu, John H. Adams, Kasturi Haldar

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Rudra Interrupts Receptor Signaling Complexes to Negatively Regulate the IMD Pathway

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Evidence of Infection by H5N2 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses in Healthy Wild Waterfowl

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Vaccinia Virus Proteins A52 and B14 Share a Bcl-2–Like Fold but Have Evolved to Inhibit NF-κB rather than Apoptosis

Stephen C. Graham, Mohammad W. Bahar, Samantha Cooray, Ron A.-J. Chen, Daniel M. Whalen, Nicola G. A. Abrescia, David Alderton, Raymond J. Owens, David I. Stuart, Geoffrey L. Smith, Jonathan M. Grimes

Evolutionary and Transmission Dynamics of Reassortant H5N1 Influenza Virus in Indonesia

Tommy Tsan-Yuk Lam, Chung-Chau Hon, Oliver G. Pybus, Sergei L. Kosakovsky Pond, Raymond Tze-Yeung Wong, Chi-Wai Yip, Fanya Zeng, Frederick Chi-Ching Leung

HIV-1 Nef Targets MHC-I and CD4 for Degradation Via a Final Common β-COP–Dependent Pathway in T Cells

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Anthony W. Maresso, Gabriella Garufi, Olaf Schneewind

Molecular Epidemiology of A/H3N2 and A/H1N1 Influenza Virus during a Single Epidemic Season in the United States

Martha I. Nelson, Laurel Edelman, David J. Spiro, Alex R. Boyne, Jayati Bera, Rebecca Halpin, Elodie Ghedin, Mark A. Miller, Lone Simonsen, Cecile Viboud, Edward C. Holmes

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