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Methyl-CpG-binding (SmMBD2/3) and chromobox (SmCBX) proteins are required for neoblast proliferation and oviposition in the parasitic blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni

Fig 4

SmMBD2/3 interacts with the nuclear chromobox protein SmCBX (Smp_179650).

(A) A truncated version of Smp_179650 (delta 1–160) was repeatedly (5/14 times or 36% of all hits; S2 Table) identified as an interacting partner of SmMBD2/3 in Y2H assays. This truncated version of Smp_179650 contained the chromo shadow domain (CSD; blue oval, PF01393), a region associated with protein-protein interactions [50]. Full-length Smp_179650 also contains the chromodomain (CD; yellow rectangle, PF00385) and a monopartite nuclear localisation signal (NLS, 109VPEPAKKKRTS119). Amino acid positions are indicated (bold numbers). (B) The SmMBD2/3 –SmCBX (Δ1–160) interaction strength was quantified using the X-β-gal based (PXG) assay [35]. Experimental controls included: p53 + SV40 large T antigen (positive) and SmMBD2/3 + pGADT7 (empty prey vector), pGBKT7 (empty bait vector) + SmCBX/ Δ1–160, pGBKT7 + pGADT7 (all negative). (C) DNA microarray analysis of Smcbx expression throughout 15 lifecycle stages. Bar chart represents normalised mean fluorescent intensities + standard deviation (n = 3 replicates/lifecycle stage except adult female, where n = 2) of Smcbx transcript abundance derived from oligonucleotide CONTIG6649 as described previously [36]. Inset drawing represents SmCBX (Smp_179650) gene organisation (4 exons–yellow boxes; 3 introns–black lines) and localisation of oligonucleotide CONTIG6649 to exon 3 (SchistoGeneDB v5.2).

Fig 4

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007107.g004