A Novel Mouse Model of Schistosoma haematobium Egg-Induced Immunopathology
Egg-injected mice demonstrate elevated serum levels of Type 2-associated cytokines (e.g. IL-5) with decreased or unchanged serum levels of TH1- and TH17-associated cytokines (e.g. IFN-γ and IL-17, respectively, [A]). The Type 2 bias in systemic cytokine expression parallels increased IgE production (B).