About the Authors

W. Robert Shaw

Contributed equally to this work with: W. Robert Shaw, Inga E. Holmdahl

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Inga E. Holmdahl

Contributed equally to this work with: W. Robert Shaw, Inga E. Holmdahl

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Maurice A. Itoe

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Project administration, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Kristine Werling

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Project administration, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Meghan Marquette

Roles Investigation, Resources, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Douglas G. Paton

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Naresh Singh

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Caroline O. Buckee

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Lauren M. Childs

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

lchilds@vt.edu (LMC); fcatter@hsph.harvard.edu (FC)

Affiliation Department of Mathematics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Flaminia Catteruccia

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Validation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

lchilds@vt.edu (LMC); fcatter@hsph.harvard.edu (FC)

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.