About the Authors

Pachiyappan Kamarajan

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States of America, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America

Islam Ateia

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology

Affiliation Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Jae M. Shin

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Cariology, Restorative Sciences, and Endodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America

J. Christopher Fenno

Roles Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biologic and Materials Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann arbor, MI, United States of America

Charles Le

Roles Methodology

Affiliation Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States of America

Ling Zhan

Roles Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States of America

Ana Chang

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Periodontics, Oral Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America

Richard Darveau

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Periodontics, Oral Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America

Yvonne L. Kapila

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Yvonne.Kapila@ucsf.edu

Affiliations Department of Orofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, United States of America, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.