About the Authors

Kevin P. Egan

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Lauren M. Hook

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Alexis Naughton

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Norbert Pardi

Roles Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Sita Awasthi

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Gary H. Cohen

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Basic and Translational Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Drew Weissman

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Harvey M. Friedman

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

hfriedma@pennmedicine.upenn.edu

Affiliation Infectious Disease Division, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

HMF, SA, GHC and DW are inventors on patents held by the University of Pennsylvania for protein (HMF, SA) and mRNA (HMF, SA, GHC, DW) vaccines for genital herpes. NP is also named on a patent describing use of nucleoside-modified mRNA-LNP as a vaccine platform. The authors have disclosed their interests fully to the University of Pennsylvania, and we have in place an approved plan for managing any potential conflicts arising from licensing of our patents.