About the Authors

Sinead E. Morris

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

sinead.morris@columbia.edu

Current address: Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA

Andrew J. Yates

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA

Rik L. de Swart

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Rory D. de Vries

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Viroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Michael J. Mina

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA

Ashley N. Nelson

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Department of Pediatrics and Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA

Wen-Hsuan W. Lin

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA

Roger D. Kouyos

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland, Institute of Medical Virology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Diane E. Griffin

Contributed equally to this work with: Diane E. Griffin, Bryan T. Grenfell

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA

Bryan T. Grenfell

Contributed equally to this work with: Diane E. Griffin, Bryan T. Grenfell

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.