About the Authors

Verena J. Schuenemann

Contributed equally to this work with: Verena J. Schuenemann, Charlotte Avanzi, Ben Krause-Kyora, Alexander Seitz

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute for Archaeological Sciences, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, Institute of Evolutionary Medicine, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

Charlotte Avanzi

Contributed equally to this work with: Verena J. Schuenemann, Charlotte Avanzi, Ben Krause-Kyora, Alexander Seitz

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Ben Krause-Kyora

Contributed equally to this work with: Verena J. Schuenemann, Charlotte Avanzi, Ben Krause-Kyora, Alexander Seitz

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany, Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany

Alexander Seitz

Contributed equally to this work with: Verena J. Schuenemann, Charlotte Avanzi, Ben Krause-Kyora, Alexander Seitz

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Bioinformatics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Alexander Herbig

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany

Sarah Inskip

Roles Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Marion Bonazzi

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany

Ella Reiter

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Institute for Archaeological Sciences, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Christian Urban

Roles Investigation

Affiliation Institute for Archaeological Sciences, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Dorthe Dangvard Pedersen

Roles Investigation, Resources

Affiliation Unit of Anthropology (ADBOU), Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense S, Denmark

G. Michael Taylor

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Microbial Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom

Pushpendra Singh

Roles Investigation

Affiliations Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, Department of Microbiology and Biotechnology Centre, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India

Graham R. Stewart

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Microbial Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom

Petr Velemínský

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, National Museum, Prague, Czech Republic

Jakub Likovsky

† Deceased.

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Archaeology of Landscape and Archaeobiology, Institute of Archaeology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic

Antónia Marcsik

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

Erika Molnár

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

György Pálfi

Roles Funding acquisition, Resources

Affiliation Department of Biological Anthropology, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary

Valentina Mariotti

Roles Resources

Affiliations Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Bologna, Italy, ADES AMU-CNRS- EFS: Anthropology and Health, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France

Alessandro Riga

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Florence, Firenze, Italy

M. Giovanna Belcastro

Roles Resources

Affiliations Department of Biological, Geological and Environmental Sciences, Bologna, Italy, ADES AMU-CNRS- EFS: Anthropology and Health, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France

Jesper L. Boldsen

Roles Resources, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Unit of Anthropology (ADBOU), Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Southern Denmark, Odense S, Denmark

Almut Nebel

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision

Affiliation Institute of Clinical Molecular Biology, Kiel University, Kiel, Germany

Simon Mays

Roles Resources

Affiliation Historic England, Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Helen D. Donoghue

Roles Resources

Affiliation Centre for Clinical Microbiology, Division of Infection and Immunity, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Sonia Zakrzewski

Roles Resources

Affiliation Department of Archaeology, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Andrej Benjak

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland

Kay Nieselt

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

kay.nieselt@uni-tuebingen.de (KN); stewart.cole@epfl.ch (STC); krause@shh.mpg.de (JK)

Affiliation Center for Bioinformatics, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany

Stewart T. Cole

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Supervision

kay.nieselt@uni-tuebingen.de (KN); stewart.cole@epfl.ch (STC); krause@shh.mpg.de (JK)

Affiliations Global Health Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Johannes Krause

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

kay.nieselt@uni-tuebingen.de (KN); stewart.cole@epfl.ch (STC); krause@shh.mpg.de (JK)

Affiliations Institute for Archaeological Sciences, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, Senckenberg Centre for Human Evolution and Palaeoenvironment, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany, Department of Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Jena, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.