About the Authors

Léna Royston

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Manel Essaidi-Laziosi

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Francisco J. Pérez-Rodríguez

Roles Methodology

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Isabelle Piuz

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Supervision

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Johan Geiser

Roles Investigation, Methodology

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Karl-Heinz Krause

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Resources, Validation

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology and Immunology, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Song Huang

Roles Methodology, Resources, Software, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Epithelix Sàrl, 18 Chemin des Aulx, Geneva, Switzerland

Samuel Constant

Roles Methodology, Resources, Software, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Epithelix Sàrl, 18 Chemin des Aulx, Geneva, Switzerland

Laurent Kaiser

Roles Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Geneva Hospitals, 4 Rue Gabrielle Perret-Gentil, Geneva 14, Switzerland

Dominique Garcin

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Caroline Tapparel

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Software, Supervision, Validation, Writing – review & editing

caroline.tapparel@unige.ch

Affiliation University of Geneva Faculty of Medicine, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine, 1 Rue Michel-Servet, Geneva, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: Song Huang and Samuel Constant are employees of Epithelix Sàrl. We confirm that this affiliation does not alter our adherence to all PLOS Pathogens policies on sharing data and materials. The other authors have no competing interests to declare.