About the Authors

Constantinos Kurt Wibmer

Affiliations Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Jason Gorman

Affiliation Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Gabriel Ozorowski

Affiliation Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, CHAVI-ID, IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery (CAVD), The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Jinal N. Bhiman

Affiliations Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Daniel J. Sheward

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM) and Division of Medical Virology, University of Cape Town and NHLS, Cape Town, South Africa

Debra H. Elliott

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Julie Rouelle

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Ashley Smira

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

M. Gordon Joyce

Affiliation Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Nonkululeko Ndabambi

Affiliation Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM) and Division of Medical Virology, University of Cape Town and NHLS, Cape Town, South Africa

Aliaksandr Druz

Affiliation Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Mangai Asokan

Affiliation Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Dennis R. Burton

Affiliations Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, CHAVI-ID and IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Centre, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America, Ragon Institute of Massachusetts General Hospital, MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Mark Connors

Affiliation Laboratory of Immunoregulation, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Salim S. Abdool Karim

Affiliations Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

John R. Mascola

Affiliation Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

James E. Robinson

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Andrew B. Ward

Affiliation Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, CHAVI-ID, IAVI Neutralizing Antibody Center and Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery (CAVD), The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Carolyn Williamson

Affiliations Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM) and Division of Medical Virology, University of Cape Town and NHLS, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Peter D. Kwong

Affiliation Vaccine Research Center, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Lynn Morris

pennym@nicd.ac.za (PLM); lynnm@nicd.ac.za (LM)

Affiliations Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Penny L. Moore

pennym@nicd.ac.za (PLM); lynnm@nicd.ac.za (LM)

Affiliations Centre for HIV and STIs, National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), of the National Health Laboratory Service (NHLS), Johannesburg, South Africa, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceptualization: CKW CW PDK LM PLM. Investigation: CKW JG GO JNB DJS DHE JR AS MGJ NN AD MA DRB JRM JER ABW. Resources: DRB MC SSAK. Writing – original draft: CKW PDK LM PLM. Writing – review & editing: CKW JG DRB MC JER ABW CW.