About the Authors

Joseph Chavarría-Smith

Affiliation Division of Immunology & Pathogenesis, Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, and Cancer Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Patrick S. Mitchell

Affiliation Division of Immunology & Pathogenesis, Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, and Cancer Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Alvin M. Ho

Affiliation Division of Immunology & Pathogenesis, Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, and Cancer Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Matthew D. Daugherty

rvance@berkeley.edu (REV); mddaugherty@ucsd.edu (MDD)

Affiliation Molecular Biology Section, Division of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Russell E. Vance

rvance@berkeley.edu (REV); mddaugherty@ucsd.edu (MDD)

Affiliations Division of Immunology & Pathogenesis, Department of Molecular & Cell Biology, and Cancer Research Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JCS PSM AMH MDD REV. Performed the experiments: JCS PSM AMH MDD. Analyzed the data: JCS PSM AMH MDD REV. Wrote the paper: JCS PSM MDD REV.