About the Authors

Abeer M. Alkhaibari

Affiliation Department of Biosciences, College of Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, United Kingdom

Aline T. Carolino

Affiliation Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, State University of North Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Sare I. Yavasoglu

Affiliation Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts & Sciences, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, Turkey

Thierry Maffeis

Affiliation College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom

Thalles C. Mattoso

Affiliation Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, State University of North Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

James C. Bull

Affiliation Department of Biosciences, College of Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, United Kingdom

Richard I. Samuels

Affiliation Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, State University of North Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Tariq M. Butt

t.butt@swansea.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Biosciences, College of Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AMA ATC SIY TM TCM RIS TMB. Performed the experiments: AMA ATC SIY TM TCM RIS TMB. Analyzed the data: AMA JCB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TMB RIS. Wrote the paper: AMA JCB RIS TMB.