About the Authors

Denys A. Khaperskyy

Contributed equally to this work with: Denys A. Khaperskyy, Summer Schmaling

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Summer Schmaling

Contributed equally to this work with: Denys A. Khaperskyy, Summer Schmaling

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology and Graduate Program in Molecular Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jonah Larkins-Ford

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology and Graduate Program in Molecular Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Craig McCormick

craig.mccormick@dal.ca (CM); marta.gaglia@tufts.edu (MMG)

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Marta M. Gaglia

craig.mccormick@dal.ca (CM); marta.gaglia@tufts.edu (MMG)

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology and Graduate Program in Molecular Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DAK SS CM MMG. Performed the experiments: DAK SS JLF. Analyzed the data: DAK SS CM MMG. Wrote the paper: DAK SS CM MMG. Designed and completed experiments for Figs 1–3, 6 and 7, Supplemental S1–S3 Figs: SS. Designed and completed experiments for Figs 1 and 3–7: DAK. Assisted with performing experimental replicates for Figs 1B and 3C, S1A and S2C Figs: JLF.