About the Authors

Adrian Egli

a.egli@usb.ch

Affiliations Infection Biology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Deanna M. Santer

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Daire O'Shea

Affiliations Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Khaled Barakat

Affiliations Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Alberta, Canada

Mohammedyaseen Syedbasha

Affiliation Infection Biology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Madeleine Vollmer

Affiliation Infection Biology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Aliyah Baluch

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, United States of America

Rakesh Bhat

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Jody Groenendyk

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, School of Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Michael A. Joyce

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Luiz F. Lisboa

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Brad S. Thomas

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Manuel Battegay

Affiliations Infection Biology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital of Basel, Switzerland

Nina Khanna

Affiliations Infection Biology, Department of Biomedicine, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital of Basel, Switzerland

Thomas Mueller

Affiliation Division of Nephrology, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland

D. Lorne J. Tyrrell

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Michael Houghton

Affiliation Li Ka Shing Institute of Virology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Atul Humar

These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Medicine and Multi-Organ Transplant Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Deepali Kumar

These authors are joint senior authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Medicine and Multi-Organ Transplant Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors of this manuscript have conflicts of interest to disclose as D.K. and A.H. have received research support from Hoffmann-LaRoche. This does not alter our adherence to all PLOS policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AE DMS DOS. Performed the experiments: AE SMS DOS JG MS MV RB LFL BST. Analyzed the data: AE DMS DOS RB KB TM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AB AH JG DK DLJT MH. Wrote the paper: AE DMS DOS MB NK TM MJ DLJT MH AH DK.