About the Authors

Cindy M. Liu

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Center for Microbial Genetics and Genomics, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America, Center for Microbiomics and Human Health, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

Brendan J. W. Osborne

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Bruce A. Hungate

Affiliation Department of Biology, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

Kamnoosh Shahabi

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Sanja Huibner

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

Richard Lester

Affiliation Center for Microbiomics and Human Health, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

Michael G. Dwan

Affiliation Center for Microbiomics and Human Health, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

Colin Kovacs

Affiliations Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Maple Leaf Medical Centre, Toronto, Canada

Tania L. Contente-Cuomo

Affiliation Center for Microbiomics and Human Health, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America

Erika Benko

Affiliation Maple Leaf Medical Centre, Toronto, Canada

Maliha Aziz

Affiliations Center for Microbiomics and Human Health, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Lance B. Price

Contributed equally to this work with: Lance B. Price, Rupert Kaul

lprice@tgen.org (LBP); rupert.kaul@utoronto.ca (RK)

Affiliations Center for Microbiomics and Human Health, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, Arizona, United States of America, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, George Washington University School of Public Health, Washington, D.C., United States of America

Rupert Kaul

Contributed equally to this work with: Lance B. Price, Rupert Kaul

lprice@tgen.org (LBP); rupert.kaul@utoronto.ca (RK)

Affiliations Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada, Department of Medicine, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CML BJWO LBP RK. Performed the experiments: KS SH CK EB TLCC. Analyzed the data: CML BJWO BAH RK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MA RL MGD. Wrote the paper: CML BJWO BAH LBP RK.