About the Authors

Denys A. Khaperskyy

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Mohamed M. Emara

Affiliations Laboratory of Stem Cell Research, Qatar Biomedical Research Institute, Doha, Qatar, Department of Virology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt, Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Benjamin P. Johnston

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Paul Anderson

Affiliation Division of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Todd F. Hatchette

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Craig McCormick

craig.mccormick@dal.ca

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DAK MME BJP PA CM. Performed the experiments: DAK MME BJP. Analyzed the data: DAK MME BJP PA TFH CM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DAK MME BJP PA TFH CM. Wrote the paper: DAK CM.