About the Authors

Philippe Lemey

philippe.lemey@rega.kuleuven.be

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Andrew Rambaut

Affiliations Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Trevor Bedford

Affiliation Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Nuno Faria

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Filip Bielejec

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Guy Baele

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium

Colin A. Russell

Affiliations Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Modeling, Evolution, and Control of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Derek J. Smith

Affiliations Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Modeling, Evolution, and Control of Emerging Infectious Diseases, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, Netherlands

Oliver G. Pybus

Affiliation Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Dirk Brockmann

Affiliations Engineering Sciences and Applied Mathematics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America, Robert-Koch-Institute, Berlin, Germany

Marc A. Suchard

Affiliations Departments of Biomathematics and Human Genetics, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Department of Biostatistics, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PL AR TB MAS. Performed the experiments: PL AR TB MAS. Analyzed the data: PL AR NF FB GB OGP CAR DJS DB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CAR DJS. Wrote the paper: PL AR TB OGP MAS.