About the Authors

Yang Liu

Affiliation Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Fuchun Zhang

Affiliation Guangzhou 8th People's Hospital, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China

Jianying Liu

Affiliation Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Xiaoping Xiao

Affiliation Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Siyin Zhang

Affiliation Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Chengfeng Qin

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity, Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Ye Xiang

Affiliation Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China

Penghua Wang

Affiliation Section of Infectious Diseases, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Gong Cheng

gongcheng@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn

Affiliations Department of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GC YL. Performed the experiments: YL JL XX SZ GC. Analyzed the data: YL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FZ CQ YX PW. Wrote the paper: GC.