About the Authors

Maxime Agbeci

Contributed equally to this work with: Maxime Agbeci, Romain Grangeon

Affiliation INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Laval, Québec, Canada

Romain Grangeon

Contributed equally to this work with: Maxime Agbeci, Romain Grangeon

Affiliation INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Laval, Québec, Canada

Richard S. Nelson

Affiliation Plant Biology Division, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Inc., Ardmore, Oklahoma, United States of America

Huanquan Zheng

Affiliation Department of Biology, McGill University, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Jean-François Laliberté

jean-francois.laliberte@iaf.inrs.ca

Affiliation INRS-Institut Armand-Frappier, Laval, Québec, Canada

Competing Interests

The Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation is an independent, nonprofit institute headquartered in Ardmore, Oklahoma. Founded in 1945, the Noble Foundation conducts direct operations, including assisting farmers and ranchers, and conducting plant science research and agricultural programs, to enhance agricultural productivity regionally, nationally and internationally. The Foundation has no competing interests influencing the other authors (i.e. they support only work of RSN as an employee). The funder, Noble Foundation, did not influence the study design, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, writing of the paper or the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. This does not alter our adherence to all PLoS Pathogens policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MA RG JFL. Performed the experiments: MA RG. Analyzed the data: MA RG RSN HZ JFL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RSN HZ. Wrote the paper: MA RG RSN HZ JFL.