About the Authors

Zhen Zhang

Affiliation Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Hannu Korkeala

Affiliation Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Elias Dahlsten

Affiliation Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Elina Sahala

Affiliation Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

John T. Heap

Affiliation Clostridia Research Group, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Nigel P. Minton

Affiliation Clostridia Research Group, Centre for Biomolecular Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Miia Lindström

miia.lindstrom@helsinki.fi

Affiliation Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Gave valuable comments on the manuscript: HK ED ES JTH NPM. Conceived and designed the experiments: ZZ HK ML. Performed the experiments: ZZ ED ES ML. Analyzed the data: ZZ ED ES. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JTH NPM. Wrote the paper: ZZ ML.