About the Authors

Lucy J. Hathaway

Contributed equally to this work with: Lucy J. Hathaway, Silvio D. Brugger

Affiliation Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Silvio D. Brugger

Contributed equally to this work with: Lucy J. Hathaway, Silvio D. Brugger

Affiliation Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Brigitte Morand

Affiliation Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Mathieu Bangert

Affiliations Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Jeannine U. Rotzetter

Affiliation Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Christoph Hauser

Affiliation Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Werner A. Graber

Affiliation Anatomical Institute, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland

Suzanna Gore

Affiliation Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Aras Kadioglu

Affiliation Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Kathrin Mühlemann

kathrin.muehlemann@ifik.unibe.ch

Affiliations Institute for Infectious Diseases, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland, Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LJH SDB BM MB JUR CH WAG SG AK KM. Performed the experiments: LJH SDB BM MB JUR CH WAG SG AK KM. Analyzed the data: LJH SDB BM MB JUR CH WAG AK KM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AK KM. Wrote the paper: LJH SDB BM MB JUR CH WAG SG AK KM.