About the Authors

Ben Longdon

B.Longdon@ed.ac.uk

Affiliations Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Jarrod D. Hadfield

Affiliation Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Claire L. Webster

Affiliations Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Darren J. Obbard

Contributed equally to this work with: Darren J. Obbard, Francis M. Jiggins

Affiliations Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Ashworth Labs, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Francis M. Jiggins

Contributed equally to this work with: Darren J. Obbard, Francis M. Jiggins

Affiliation Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BL DJO FMJ. Performed the experiments: BL CLW DJO. Analyzed the data: BL FMJ DJO JDH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BL FMJ DJO JDH. Wrote the paper: BL FMJ DJO JDH CLW. Fly rearing, injections, molecular work: BL. Fly rearing and sorting: CLW DJO.