About the Authors

Rongman Cai

Contributed equally to this work with: Rongman Cai, James Lewis

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

James Lewis

Contributed equally to this work with: Rongman Cai, James Lewis

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Shuangchun Yan

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Haijie Liu

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Christopher R. Clarke

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Francesco Campanile

Affiliation CRA-Centro di Ricerca per l′Orticoltura, Sede di Battipaglia, Battipaglia, Salerno, Italy

Nalvo F. Almeida

Affiliations Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Faculty of Computing, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campo Grande, Brazil

David J. Studholme

Affiliation Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom

Magdalen Lindeberg

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology and Plant – Microbe Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

David Schneider

Affiliation U. S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Ithaca, New York, United States of America

Massimo Zaccardelli

Affiliation CRA-Centro di Ricerca per l′Orticoltura, Sede di Battipaglia, Battipaglia, Salerno, Italy

Joao C. Setubal

Affiliations Virginia Bioinformatics Institute, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America, Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Nadia P. Morales-Lizcano

Affiliation Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia

Adriana Bernal

Affiliation Universidad de los Andes, Bogota, Colombia

Gitta Coaker

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America

Christy Baker

Affiliation Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States of America

Carol L. Bender

Affiliation Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States of America

Scotland Leman

Affiliation Department of Statistics, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Boris A. Vinatzer

vinatzer@vt.edu

Affiliation Department of Plant Pathology, Physiology, and Weed Science, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HL CRC BAV. Performed the experiments: RC JL SY HL CRC FC NPML. Analyzed the data: RC JL SY HL CRC NFA DJS ML DS AB GC SL BAV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JCS GC CB CLB MZ. Wrote the paper: DJS ML JCS GC CLB SL BAV.