About the Authors

Ylva Kai-Larsen

a Equal contributors, in alphabetical order.

Affiliation Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Petra Lüthje

a Equal contributors, in alphabetical order.

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Milan Chromek

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, Department of Pediatrics, CLINTEC, Karolinska University Hospital and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Verena Peters

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Stockholm, Sweden

Xiaoda Wang

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Stockholm, Sweden

Åsa Holm

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Lavinia Kádas

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Kjell-Olof Hedlund

Affiliation Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden

Jan Johansson

Affiliation Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, SLU, The Biomedical Centre, Uppsala, Sweden

Matthew R. Chapman

Affiliation Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

Stefan H. Jacobson

Affiliation Department of Nephrology, Danderyd University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Ute Römling

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Stockholm, Sweden

Birgitta Agerberth

b Joint senior authors.

Affiliation Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Annelie Brauner

Annelie.Brauner@ki.se

b Joint senior authors.

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Division of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BA AB. Performed the experiments: YKL PL MC VP XW ÅH LK KOH JJ. Analyzed the data: YKL PL MC BA AB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MRC SHJ UR AB. Wrote the paper: YKL PL MC BA AB.