About the Authors

Paul D. Cotter

p.cotter@ucc.ie (PDC); c.hill@ucc.ie (CH)

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Lorraine A. Draper

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Elaine M. Lawton

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Karen M. Daly

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

David S. Groeger

Affiliation Alimentary Health Ltd., Cork, Ireland

Pat G. Casey

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

R. Paul Ross

Affiliations Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Moorepark Food Research Centre, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, Ireland

Colin Hill

p.cotter@ucc.ie (PDC); c.hill@ucc.ie (CH)

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland, Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PDC CH. Performed the experiments: PDC LAD EML KMD DSG PGC. Analyzed the data: PDC CH. Wrote the paper: PDC RPR CH.