(A) Bions increase in size during incubation. Bions were prepared by adding 1 mM CaCl2, 10 mM MgCl2, 1 mM MnCl2, 5 mM SrCl2 or 3 mM BaCl2 in DMEM containing 5% FBS, followed by addition of Na2HPO4 at the same concentration to induce precipitation. Particle size was determined by DLS during a 2-week incubation period. (B) Bions increase in number in culture. Bions were prepared and incubated as described in (A) and particle number was determined by DLS. (C) Bions are sub-culturable in fresh medium. Bions were subcultured by diluting a solution containing abundant, pre-formed bions (A650 of 0.7) in fresh DMEM containing 10% FBS at a ratio of 1?10 using a final volume of 15 ml. Bions sub-cultures were incubated in cell culture conditions for 2 weeks and the amount of bions was monitored by light absorbance. (D) EDX analysis of bions after sub-culture and incubation for 2 weeks. Bions were retrieved by centrifugation, followed by washing steps and preparation for EDX analysis. See the text for more details.
Citation: The PLOS ONE Staff (2014) Correction: Bions: A Family of Biomimetic Mineralo-Organic Complexes Derived from Biological Fluids. PLoS ONE 9(3): e91496. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0091496
Published: March 21, 2014
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