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Linking mountaintop removal mining to water quality for imperiled species using satellite data

Fig 1

Chronic exposure thresholds for aquatic life were exceeded thousands of times in Central Appalachian waterways between 1985 and 2015.

Map shows the locations of water quality monitoring stations within the study area encompassing parts of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia shown on the inset map. Colors indicate the mean number of different water quality measures for which chronic exposure thresholds were exceeded each time a sample was taken at a given location. The basemap contains USGS/NASA Landsat data from 2020, accessed through Google Earth Engine.

Fig 1