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Convergent evolution of a mobile bony tongue in flighted dinosaurs and pterosaurs

Fig 4

DiceCT imaging of the head of Nothoprocta perdicaria.

Individual cross-sections (A-D) from cranial to caudal region with targeted muscular and bony elements colored and labeled. Abbreviations: lar, larynx; mbm, M. branchiomandibularis; mcg, M. ceratoglossus; mge, M. genioglossus; mhys, M. hypoglossus; msh, M. stylohyoideus and M. serpihyoideus; mtl, M. tracheolateralis; md, mandible.

Fig 4