Browse Subject Areas

Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field.

For more information about PLOS Subject Areas, click here.

< Back to Article

Do managed bees have negative effects on wild bees?: A systematic review of the literature

Fig 6

Reviewed effects of managed bees on wild bees through changes in plant communities.

Variables reported by studies examining the effects of managed bees on plant communities including (A) managed bee metric (independent variable), (B) potential mechanism (explanatory variable), and (C) plant responses (dependent variable).

Fig 6