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Cross-linguistic regularities and learner biases reflect “core” mechanics

Table 1

Row 1 lists average character lengths (and standard deviations) for translations of English prepositions across 38 languages, while row 2 lists word frequency.

This is operationalized N-gram percentages (i.e. of all words present in a text, what percentage of those are the word in question) calculated for the year 2000 through a Google database of on-line books.

Table 1