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Ecosystem Services and Biodiversity in a Rapidly Transforming Landscape in Northern Borneo

Fig 7

Spider chart of normalized service indicators for different land-use types.

Indicators are normalized so that the minimum possible value of an indicator is at the center of the radial plot and the maximum observed values are on the outer circles (for the service of soil erosion control, the indicator is the inverse of the measured soil loss).Service indicators: Ct = carbon stocks in topsoil; Cb = carbon stocks in aboveground biomass; Sr = tree species richness; Fi = Fisher’s α; Bp = Berger–Parker index; Ec = soil erosion control.

Fig 7