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Plant Defenses and Predation Risk Differentially Shape Patterns of Consumption, Growth, and Digestive Efficiency in a Guild of Leaf-Chewing Insects

Figure 1

The predaceous stink bug, P. maculiventris, impaling a Colorado potato beetle larva, L. decemlineata, with its piercing-sucking stylet.

These actively-foraging predators are voracious consumers of caterpillars and beetle larvae, employing extra-oral digestion to ingest the liquefied internal contents of their prey. Photo by Ellen Woods.

Figure 1