City-Scale Expansion of Human Thermoregulatory Costs
(A) Meta-analysis of all pertinent data available on thermoregulation in naked people from Fig. 3. (B) Metabolism-Ta curves for clothed people (equations and derivation in Table S2). Only a narrow thermoneutral zone (TNZ) is shown in each plot because a person would not elect to stay in the specified clothing at highly elevated Ta. Dot is a direct measurement on a man in winter sports clothing . (C) The rate of addition of heat to the interior of Jack London’s Yukon cabin required to maintain an interior temperature of 20°C (Table S3): W/individual = −74.4 (Ta – 20°C). A cabin heated with hand-cut wood and devoid of electricity has no TNZ because the fire would be allowed to go out at high outside Ta. (D) Data from Fig. 2 for Ames, IA, a city with median properties, assuming 2.6 people per household . Regression below thermoneutrality: W/individual = 2863 – 105Ta.