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Characterization and Generation of Male Courtship Song in Cotesia congregata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)

Figure 2

Sound pressure level and fundamental frequency of the male courtship song of Cotesia congregata.

(A) Sound pressure level re: 20 µPa at 2–3 mm (dB; mean ± SE) and (B) fundamental frequency (Hz; mean ± SE) of initial pre-boing buzz, boing, and terminal buzz components. Different letters indicate significant differences (p<0.01). N = 21 wasps.

Figure 2