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How to Handle Speciose Clades? Mass Taxon-Sampling as a Strategy towards Illuminating the Natural History of Campanula (Campanuloideae)

Figure 4

Maximum Parsimony Strict consensus tree of Campanula and relatives (D680).

Part of the cladogram showing detailed relationships for clades Cam05 to Cam12. Values below branches indicate bootstrap support for the sustained clades. Gray boxes indicate the respective outgroup and sister clades; blue boxes refer to “Cam” clades containing at least one accession of Campanula (Cam01 to Cam17; see text). A blue dot indicates the crown node of Campanula Pictures are representative specimens for clades Cam05 (Campanula cymbalaria), Cam06 (Adenophora stricta), Cam07 (Campanula aizoon), Cam08 (Campanula fenestrellata), Cam09 (Campanula spatulata), Cam10 (Campanula ramosissima), Cam11 (Campanula raineri), and Cam 12 (Campanula Isophylla). All photos from Guilhem Mansion, except Cam 05 (Nursel Inkici), Cam06 (Si-Feng Li), and Cam07 (Georgia Kamari & Dimitrios Phitos).

Figure 4