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Why Do Woodpeckers Resist Head Impact Injury: A Biomechanical Investigation

Figure 6

The time histories of effective stress at the selected points on beak, orbit and skull.

(BeakU-the point on the tip of upper beak; BeakL-the point on the tip of lower beak; Orbit-the point on the orbit; SkullA-the point on the anterior part of skull; SkullP-the point on the posterior part of skull).

Figure 6