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Serological Evidence of Discrete Spatial Clusters of Plasmodium falciparum Parasites

Figure 4

Hotspots for clinical malaria episodes, anti-AMA-1 antibodies and for the first 3 principal components of antibody responses to 46 different PfEMP1 domains are shown in Kilifi.

The intensity of the red or green spots indicates the range of the principal component, but red or green shading depends on being inside or outside the hotspot, respectively. The time period during which each sero-cluster was present and the statistical significance of the scan statistic is indicated above each panel.

Figure 4

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0021711.g004