About the Authors

Jacqueline Lim

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Affiliation Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Sureka Pavalagantharajah

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Chris P Verschoor

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Formal analysis, Methodology, Software, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Health Sciences North Research Institute, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada

Eric Lentz

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Mark Loeb

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Mitchell Levine

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Marek Smieja

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Pathology and Molecular Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Lawrence Mbuagbaw

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Dale Kalina

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Jean-Eric Tarride

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis (CHEPA), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Tim O’Shea

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Software, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Anna Cvetkovic

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Sarah van Gaalen

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Family Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Aidan Reid Findlater

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Robin Lennox

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Carol Bassim

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Cynthia Lokker

Contributed equally to this work with: Jacqueline Lim, Sureka Pavalagantharajah, Chris P Verschoor, Eric Lentz, Mark Loeb, Mitchell Levine, Marek Smieja, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Dale Kalina, Jean-Eric Tarride, Tim O’Shea, Anna Cvetkovic, Sarah van Gaalen, Aidan Reid Findlater, Robin Lennox, Carol Bassim, Cynthia Lokker

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Elizabeth Alvarez

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

alvare@mcmaster.ca

Affiliations Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis (CHEPA), McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.