About the Authors

Leonard Chiu

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

‡ LC and MS are co-first authors.

Affiliation Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York City, NY, United States of America

Max Shen

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

‡ LC and MS are co-first authors.

Affiliation Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York City, NY, United States of America

Chun-Han Lo

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States of America

Nicholas Chiu

Roles Conceptualization, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States of America

Austin Chen

Roles Data curation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York City, NY, United States of America

Hyun Joon Shin

Roles Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Hanyang Impact Science Research Center, Seoul, Korea, Division of Cardiology, Lemuel Shattuck Hospital, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Jamaica Plain, Boston, MA, United States of America, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America

Elizabeth Horn Prsic

Roles Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Yale New Haven Hospital, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States of America

Chin Hur

Roles Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Columbia University Irving Medical Center-New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, NY, United States of America

Ronald Chow

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

ronald.chow@yale.edu (RC); bl114@cumc.columbia.edu (BL)

Affiliations Hanyang Impact Science Research Center, Seoul, Korea, Yale New Haven Hospital, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States of America, Yale School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States of America

Benjamin Lebwohl

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

ronald.chow@yale.edu (RC); bl114@cumc.columbia.edu (BL)

Affiliation Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Columbia University Irving Medical Center-New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, NY, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.