About the Authors

Bonnie A. Thiel

Contributed equally to this work with: Bonnie A. Thiel, William Worodria

Roles Formal analysis, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

bonnie.thiel@case.edu

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

William Worodria

Contributed equally to this work with: Bonnie A. Thiel, William Worodria

Roles Investigation, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Sophie Nalukwago

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Mary Nsereko

Roles Investigation, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Ingvar Sanyu

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Lalitha Rejani

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Josephine Zawedde

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

David H. Canaday

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Catherine M. Stein

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Keith A. Chervenak

Roles Data curation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

LaShaunda L. Malone

Roles Data curation, Project administration, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Ronald Kiyemba

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Richard F. Silver

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

John L. Johnson

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Harriet Mayanja-Kizza

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

W. Henry Boom

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Tuberculosis Research Unit and Division of Infectious Diseases, Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America, Uganda-Case Western Reserve University Research Collaboration, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.