About the Authors

Erica L. Plummer

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

erica.plummer@monash.edu

Affiliations Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Catriona S. Bradshaw

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Michelle Doyle

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Christopher K. Fairley

Roles Supervision, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Gerald L. Murray

Roles Supervision, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Women’s Centre for Infectious Diseases, The Royal Women’s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Deborah Bateson

Roles Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Family Planning New South Wales, Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia, Discipline of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Neonatology, University of Sydney, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia

Lindi Masson

Roles Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Division of Medical Virology, Department of Pathology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine (IDM), University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa, Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa, Durban, South Africa

Josephine Slifirski

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Gilda Tachedjian

Roles Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Department of Microbiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne, at the Peter Doherty Institute of Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Lenka A. Vodstrcil

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Supervision, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Hospital, Carlton, Victoria, Australia

Competing Interests

I have read the journal’s policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: GT is a coinventor on patent application AU201501042 and United States Patent No. US 9,801,839 B2 claiming the anti-inflammatory effects of lactic acid. No other authors report a conflict of interest.