About the Authors

Luke Kemp

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

David C. Aldridge

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Olaf Booy

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Great Britain Non-native Species Secretariat, Sand Hutton, Animal and Plant Health Agency, York, United Kingdom, Centre for Wildlife Management, School of Biology, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, United Kingdom

Hilary Bower

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation UK Public Health Rapid Support Team, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Des Browne

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Mark Burgmann

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Austin Burt

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation UK Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Andrew A. Cunningham

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London, London, United Kingdom

Malcolm Dando

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Peace Studies and International Development, University of Bradford, Bradford, United Kingdom

Jaimie T. A. Dick

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute for Global Food Security, School of Biological Sciences, Queen’s University Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Christopher Dye

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Oxford Martin School and Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Sam Weiss Evans

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Program on Science, Technology, and Society, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, United States of America

Belinda Gallardo

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

H. Charles J. Godfray

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Oxford Martin School and Department of Zoology, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

Ian Goodfellow

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Simon Gubbins

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation The Pirbright Institute, Pirbright, Surrey, United Kingdom

Lauren A. Holt

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Kate E. Jones

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations UK Department of Life Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Centre for Biodiversity and Environment Research, Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Hazem Kandil

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Phillip Martin

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Mark McCaughan

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Marine and Fisheries Division, Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Northern Ireland, Downpatrick, United Kingdom

Caitríona McLeish

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation SPRU, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, United Kingdom

Thomas Meany

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation OpenCell, London, United Kingdom

Kathryn Millett

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biosecure Ltd, Bourton-on-the-Water, United Kingdom

Sean S. ÓhÉigeartaigh

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nicola J. Patron

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Earlham Institute, Norwich, United Kingdom

Catherine Rhodes

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Helen E. Roy

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Crowmarsh Gifford, United Kingdom

Gorm Shackelford

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Derek Smith

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Pathogen Evolution, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Nicola Spence

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra), London, United Kingdom

Helene Steiner

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biosecure Ltd, Bourton-on-the-Water, United Kingdom

Lalitha S. Sundaram

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Centre for the Study of Existential Risk (CSER), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Silja Voeneky

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department for Public International Law, Comparative Law, and Ethics of Law, Law Faculty, Freiburg University, Freiburg, Germany

John R. Walker

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Arms Control and Disarmament Research Unit, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, United Kingdom

Harry Watkins

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Landscape, Arts Tower, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom

Simon Whitby

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Division of Peace Studies and International Development, University of Bradford, Bradford, United Kingdom

James Wood

Roles Investigation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

William J. Sutherland

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

w.sutherland@zoo.cam.ac.uk

Affiliations Biosecurity Research Initiative at St Catharine’s (BioRISC), St Catharine’s College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

Authors TM and HS are affiliated with Opencell. KM is affiliated with Biosecure Ltd. Arcadia provided support in the form of salaries for authors WS and CR. There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter our adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.